The recorded history of Grenada, begins in the early 17th Century, when French colonists established sugar plantations on the island driving most of the indigenous Caribbean population off the island; and eventually importing African slaves to provide labour.
In 1763, when Britain took control of the island, the Cavalan family, related by marriage to the Fédons, owned the Pointe des Orties plantation of 192 acres in the Parish of St. Mark’s. This was later divided within the family into a number of plantation estates, which then changed ownership after the Fédon Revolution in 1795-96.
In 1801, the plantation estate is listed on a map of Grenada as Nettle Point after the rock outcrop with the same name nearby on the West Coast of Grenada. The 1819 Slave Register lists William Boyd as owner of Nettle Point Plantation producing muscovado sugar, molasses and rum with 28 slaves. Slavery was abolished in the 1830s, and the estate became the property of John Copland. who changed production from sugar and rum to cocoa and nutmeg. His descendants ran the estate through to the 1940s.
Grenada became the capital of the British Windward Islands in 1885, and the change of name to Mt. Edgecombe from Nettle Point Plantation appears to be first recorded in 1891. The name is likely to be derived from the Earl of Mount Edgecombe, as is Mount Edgecombe, a sugar-growing town in KwaZulu, South Africa, just north of Durban. Mount Edgcumbe House, a stately home in south-east Cornwall overlooking Plymouth Sound, was formerly the seat of the Earls of Mount Edgcumbe. Independence for Grenada from Britain was granted in 1974.
Today, the plantation estate grows primarily cocoa for sale. A wide variety of fruit trees, a homestead vegetable garden and chickens kept on-site provide fresh eggs and produce for meals served to guests staying at Mount Edgecombe Plantation Estate.